Cross-posted from Appalachian Voices
Virginia General Assembly Vote will Weaken State Enforcement of Clean Water Act
Appalachian Voices Tom Cormons (301) 910-8973
Southern Environmental Law Center Marirose Pratt (434) 977-4090
Sierra Club, Virginia Chapter JR Tolbert (706) 594-5487
Chesapeake Climate Action Network Jamie Nolan (240) 396-2022
Southern Appalachian Mountain Stewards Jane Branham (276) 679-7505
The Virginia Senate today passed legislation (SB 1025) that will severely restrict state regulators’ ability to protect public health and the environment from pollution from surface coal mines under the Clean Water Act. An identical bill (HB 2123) passed in the House of Delegates last month, and Governor Bob McDonnell is expected to sign the legislation into law.
This legislation limits the ability of state regulators to use water quality testing to make permitting and enforcement decisions involving pollution discharges from coal strip mines. In addition, the bills revoke the citizen State Water Control Board’s primary authority for administering the Clean Water Act’s National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for surface mining discharges, transferring this authority to the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy.
Senators Ticer, Whipple, McEachin, Petersen, and Marsden stood up for clean water and opposed the Senate bill in committee on Monday.
“Stream monitoring and testing for toxic discharges are indispensable tools for enforcing clean water laws, and that is precisely why Big Coal is going all out to curtail their use,” said Tom Cormons, Virginia Director for Appalachian Voices. “What’s astounding is that the General Assembly has passed this coal industry bill, tying our own state regulators’ hands by restricting their ability to use standard water testing.”
There is also serious concern about potential legal repercussions for the state as a result of this legislation. “By hamstringing the Director’s ability to adequately test water quality, this bill removes safeguards for clean water,” said Marirose Pratt, an attorney with the Southern Environmental Law Center. “It conflicts with Virginia’s longstanding agreement with EPA and places Virginia in jeopardy of losing authority to administer our own Clean Water Act program.”
Pollution discharges from strip mines pose a major threat to downstream waterways. Discharges from mountaintop removal mining operations, which are prevalent in the state, are of particular concern. Strip mining – including mountaintop removal – is more widespread in Southwest Virginia’s Wise County than all but one other county in Appalachia.
More than 150 miles of headwater streams in the state have been eliminated by the practice and downstream waterways are also severely impacted.
“Our waterways are already so toxic, it’s hard to believe the state is taking tools away from those charged with safeguarding them,” says Jane Branham of the Southern Appalachian Mountain Stewards. “Many of our streams are already loaded with black sediment from these mines and are void of life.” The reputable journal Science cited Virginia in a peer-reviewed paper last year on mountaintop mining impacts. The paper describes declines in stream life and high levels of toxic metals below mine sites, as well as elevated rates of human mortality, and heart, lung, and kidney disease in the vicinity of mountaintop removal operations.
“Big Coal wants to operate above the law,” said Chelsea Harnish, Virginia policy coordinator for the Chesapeake Climate Action Network. “The coal industry is already fighting clean air regulations at the federal level, and now here in Virginia the industry is close to being granted its own loophole allowing coal mining to pollute our waterways, completely unchecked.”
“Clean water and clean air have been assaulted from day one of this General Assembly session. Whether it’s loopholes in the permitting process for coal mines, or extending coal subsidies in Virginia, this General Assembly has done all they can to create a safety net for the coal industry,” said J.R. Tolbert, assistant director of the Virginia Chapter of the Sierra Club. “If we didn’t know any better, you’d think Virginia had become a corporate welfare state.”
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Virginia General Assembly’s Vote will Weaken State’s Enforcement of Clean Water Act